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Fridge Turbine

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  • Fridge Turbine

    Carrnot equated heat to energy, so any heat loss be energy loss. Einstein refrigeration by heating a liquid into a high pressure gas which is blocked by a plate with a tiny hole. The plate and tiny hole remain with us today. The purpose of the plate with the tiny hole is to waste the energy of the high pressure gas so that when it gets through the hole it is low pressure cold liquid.

    By retaining the Eistein principal but dropping the plate with tiny hole and putting in its place a turbine the wasted energy becomes exploited energy.

    Kelvinator replaced Einstiens boiler with a compressor but kept the plate and tiny hole. then to make the refrigerant colder he added a vacuum expansion chamber drawn to vacuum by the suction of the compressor.

    What DaS did was put the expansion chamber inside a boiler to reclaim all the heat. The expansion chamber is drawn to vacuum by the shaping of the turbine shaft acting like a boiler return pump.

    The vacuum chamber sitting in the boiler is imersed in cold liquid refrigerant absorbing the heat given off by the gas cooling in the expansion chamber.

    The now hot gas goes direct to the turbine that strips the gas of its energy and converts it to electricty.

    The best refrigerant known to man is CO2 or R744 (CO2) its energy output starts at -40*C 0 bar pressure available, and moves to 10,000 bar pressure available at +100*C.

    One bar pressure is the equiviliant of a vertical wall of water ten meters high.

    The capture of this force is best taken by Stainless Steel.

    The system works equaly well with micro or commercial turbine either gas or hydro, this is because CO2 is insane, as a hot gas it acts like liquid, as cold liquid it acts like liiquid and for a small window its acts like gas.

    Establishing wattage output using a comercial turbine the ratio is 1 litre per second at 9 bar pressure delivers 720 watts.

    At 0*C there is more than 9 bar pressure and its quite easy for the fridge physics to return the CO2 to the boiler at well bellow zero so the 9 bars is all energy to the turbine.

    To increase the wattage output one raises the gas temperature or the volume per second.

    Not proven yet but text book physics. The wattage needed to heat water by x degrees in one second is such that to raise the CO2 temperature from 50*C to 100*C is far lesser than the wattage being produced by the turbine. However this requires the CO2 to be heated by the water, not an impossible task.
    Last edited by DaS Energy; 04-16-2013, 12:10 PM.